Research Finding Statelessness Minority Groups in Cambodia Takeo, Kampong Chhnang, and Pursat Provinces 2016
Located in Southeast Asia with a population of 15.14 million (NIS, 2013), Cambodia has ratified variety of conventions to help improving national development. Cambodia is a state party to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol and ratified on 15 Oct 1992, but did not ratify the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. Statelessness is an issue that persists in the country and it’s also a part of the world. However, Cambodia has to play important role to prevent and reduce stateless person and protect their right through various mechanism. In the last decade, stateless persons in the country remain a significant issue. It’s one of many concerns that need overcome in the next future.
Minority Right Organization was established on 7 June 2012 by a group of Khmer experts who have experiences in human right and legal fields for many years. This organization is a non-governmental, independent, neutral, non-political, and non-profit organization regardless of racial discrimination, color and religion or belief. It works to promote and protect the rights and interests of ethnic minorities including Khmer Kampuchea Krom who have been living in Cambodia so that they can access to full freedom and equity rights as Cambodian people.
Minority Rights Organization was legitimately recognized by the Ministry of Interior (MOI) of the Royal Kingdom of Cambodia on January 28, 2013.
Annual Report On Reflection Meeting 2016 –Held on 8 April 2017 at Baksey Meas Guest house at Mondulkiri
On 07-10 April 2017, MIRO had an annual staff reflection trip at Baksey Meas Guest house, Sen Monorom
of Mondulkiri province. There were 11 participants (3 females) who joined this meeting. In this meeting,
we focused on reporting and reviewing problems from 2016 and discussing the future direction for 2017.
Mr. SOURN Butmao, director of MIRO made a welcome speech, expressing his hope that this meeting
would bring the advantages and disadvantage of MIRO to light in order to find resolutions for MIRO’s
further progression. Finally, he opened the meeting.
MIRO Consultant Report – Minority access to birth registration Final –MIRO Consultant Report 2016
A small, but growing body of research conducted since 2012 has increasingly indicated the existence of issues related to the effective access of vulnerable populations to civil registration in Cambodia. 1 Although a national campaign undertaken in 2004 to promote birth registration among the Cambodian population led to an exceptional increase in birth registration (from 5% up to 90% of the entire population by 2006), this rate of registration was not sustained following the end of the campaign and may be significantly less among vulnerable and marginalized groups.
Cambodia and the Sustainable Development Goal 16.9 on Legal Identity –MIRO Roundtable Summary Notes 2016
The sustainable development goals (SDGs) aim under goal 16.9 “by 2030 provide legal identity for all including birth registration”. When adopting the SDGs in September 2015, the UN General Assembly acknowledged that means to prove legal identity are a global development issue and thus linked to development opportunities and outcomes. Suggestions for indicators on legal identity currently focus on birth registration.
Cambodia and the Sustainable Development Goal 16.9 on Legal Identity –Roundtable Concept Note 2016
The sustainable development goals (SDGs) aim under goal 16.9 “by 2030 provide legal identity for all including birth registration”. When adopting the SDGs in September 2015, the UN General Assembly acknowledged that means to prove legal identity are a global development issue and thus linked to development opportunities and outcomes.
Empowerment of Khmer Krom Women to Political Participation and Gender Equality –(Annual Final Report on 01 January to 31 December 2016 )
Debrief Meeting : Nine participants attended the one day debrief meeting conducted on 29 February, 2016 at MIRO’s office. Ms. Suon Sovann, Project Officer is facilitated within participation from three provincial staff; Takeo, Koh Kong and Preah Sihanouk and other 5 Phnom Penh staff.
Implementation Social Accountability Framework (I-SAF) –(July 1st 2016 to December 31st 2016 )
The Minority Rights Organization (MIRO) was successfully implemented the project activities, especially for past quarter implementation activity of Social Accountability Framework (I-SAF) from 1 July to 31 Dec 2016 “as the community scorecard” with a grateful of financial support from EU under CARE’s program, without this support we cannot implement the project activities of multi-sectors on social accountability, stakeholders, community, commune councils administration, health care center, and school. The aim of documentation record is for measuring the process of the implementation project from one round to another and for follow up action plan of the stakeholders who have accepted to handle and documented basis for negotiating with partners such as the relevant competence authorities and is a document for the presenting to donors.
Protection and Empowerment of Khmer Krom Human Rights Defenders in Cambodia –(Reporting form for the NHRF 2016)
According to plan, MIRO has conducted two separate legal training workshops for Khmer Krom human rights defenders from different communities of two provinces: Takeo province held on 20 September 2016 at Red Cross Department and Kampong Chhnang province held on 29 September 2016 at Samaki Primary School. The participants were human rights defender/network member.
Decreasing Statelessness and Raising Legal Awareness Among Former Vietnamese and Khmer Refugees in Cambodia –(Annual Report 2016)
The project for Decreasing Statelessness and Raising Legal Awareness Among Former Vietnamese and Khmer Refugees in Cambodia, which was funded by GIZ, have been implemented by MIRO from January to December 2016. This project was operated in three provinces: Pursat, Kampong Chhang and Takeo province. The expected outcome of the project implementation is to make sure that the member of these ethnic minorities (Vietnam and Khmer Krom) has a better understanding of Cambodian Law and their legal status is being documented and options in accordance with the Cambodian Legal system are considered. The affected community and local authorities are aware of the established law and administrative procedure.
ANNUAL REPORT 2015 AND ANNUAL REFLECTION MEETING RETREAT Held –(on 17 February 2016 at Eden Park)
On February 17, 2016 MIRO conducted a one-day retreat for our Annual Reflection Meeting between MIRO staff and Board of Directors at Eden Park Restaurant under facilitation of our Executive Director of MIRO. Nineteen participants attended. First, Executive Director Mr. Sourn Butmao welcomed and thanked MIRO Board of Directors and MIRO staff for attending the meeting. He explained the objective, expected outcome and agenda, which included discussing the implementation of the project and sharing our experiences with each other. Then, board member Mr. Sam Sokong gave a welcome speech, expressing his hope that this meeting would bring the advantages and disadvantages of MIRO to light in order to find the resolution for MIRO’s further progression. Finally, he opened the meeting.
Narrative Report 2015 (01 February 31 December)
“Decreasing Statelessness Among Former Vietnamese and Khmer Krom Refugees in Cambodia”
MIRO was established on 07 June 2012 by a group of Cambodian experts who have extensive experiences in the fields of human rights and law and have worked with minority groups in Cambodia for more than 10 years. And was legally recognized as national human rights NGO in Cambodia on 28 January 2013 and recognized new executive director and amendment statute on 10 June 2015 by the Ministry of Interior (MOI) with the mission to promote and protect the rights and interests of minorities in Cambodia.
Report Debrief Meeting Fate:29 February 2016
A Debrief Meeting of MIRO between MIRO staff and provincial staff/key persons is held on 29 February 2016 at MIRO office in Phnom Penh under facilitation by Project Officer, 9 participants attended the meeting.
Quarterly Report (01 January 31 March 2016)
“Empowerment of Khmer Krom Women to Political Participation and Gender Equality” Human Rights and Democracy Program 2016
Khmer Krom women will have access to equal rights – including gender equality and participation in decision making processes – and are protected by law.
Protection and Empowerment of Khmer Krom Human Rights Defenders in Cambodia
Overview of the implemented activities, indicating possible deviations from the plans for the project.
Gender Equality and Domestic Violence Workshop in Sre Ambel, Koh Kong Province 27th-29th April 2015
The project “Empowerment of Khmer Krom Women to Political Participation and Gender Equality”. Funded by Heinrich Böll Stiftung Foundation Cambodia. Through this project, MIRO seeks to increase the understanding of women rights and gender equality in Khmer Krom communities, to build the capacity of Khmer Krom women to advocate for their rights and to encourage Khmer Krom women to actively participate in communal development and political decision making. And this project is implemented in three provinces: Takeo, Koh Kong, and Sihanouk Ville.
View the full report here
Research Trip Report to the Takeo 24th-26thApril 2015
As a part of MIRO’s Statelessness project, MIRO staff went on a three day research trip to the Takeo Province from the 24th to the 26th April, 2015. The purpose of the trip was to investigate and record the concerns and problems faced by the Khmer Krom communities in the Takeo Province,
including the impact of the legal status of these communities.
Quarterly Progressive Report 01 January to 31 March 2015
MIRO work is slowly trying to improve the quality of life for the Khmer Krom and ethnic Vietnamese communities in Cambodia, especially for women, by using its projects and workshops, such as by trying to help educate them of Human, Women and child rights. Though there has been some initial success so far, MIRO is going to continue to advocate to the Cambodian Government and request a clarification of its policy regarding Khmer Krom and to issue guidelines that allow for Khmer Krom and ethnic Vietnamese to become Cambodian nationals.
Report of Workshop at Takeo Province
The workshop lasted one full day, from 08:00am to 17:00pm. The majority of the participants were very much glad to have been able to attend this workshop and expressed gratitude, as Khmer Krom people, to have the occasion to voice their concerns about their rights.
Final Report of the Phase I From 01 Feb – 30 March 2015 (2 Months)
With funding from GIZ, MIRO has implemented its project “Decreasing Statelessness among Former Vietnamese Refugees in Cambodia (Phase I)” from February to March 2015. The first phase of the project “Decreasing Statelessness among Former Vietnamese Refugees in Cambodia (Phase I)”is planned for three implementations. Download the full report here
Research Trip Report to Pursat Province 19th-22nd March 2015
As a part of MIRO’s Statelessness project, MIRO staff went on a three day research trip to Pursat Province from the 19th to the 22st March, 2015. The purpose of the trip was to investigate and record the concerns and problems faced by the ethnic Vietnamese communities in the Pursat Province, including the impact of the legal status of the community. The trip included stops at three ethnically Vietnamese communities on the: Raing Teul, Kosh Ka Ak, and Kampong Loung.
Report on Establish Contact with Communities to Pursat Province March 2 – 4, 2015
As a part of MIRO’s Statelessness project, MIRO staff went on a three day trip to Pursat Province from March 2nd through March 4th to establish contact with communities and authorities. The purpose of the trip was to “establish contact with local, commune and provincial authorities, and identify their view on the legal status of ethnic Vietnamese”. The trip included stops at three ethnically Vietnamese communities: Raing Teul, Kos Ka ak, and Kampong Loung.
Report on Staffs Capacity Building
On Thursday the 27th February 2015, MIRO met with its provincial staff in Phnom Penh. The purpose of this meeting was to build regional staff capacity for completing MIRO’s Statelessness Project. The meeting also provided opportunities for regional staff to add their input to the Statelessness project. The meeting was attended by three regional staff as well as four staff members from Phnom Penh and one international intern.On Thursday the 27th February 2015, MIRO met with its provincial staff in Phnom Penh. The purpose of this meeting was to build regional staff capacity for completing MIRO’s Statelessness Project. The meeting also provided opportunities for regional staff to add their input to the Statelessness project. The meeting was attended by three regional staff as well as four staff members from Phnom Penh and one international intern.
Report on Briefing Meeting of All Projects Staffs
On Thursday the 26th February 2015, MIRO met with its provincial staff in Phnom Penh. The purpose of this meeting was to introduce all project staffs about the vision and mission of MIRO, and each project’s work and plan especially about Statelessness Project. Furthermore, to let all project staffs know each other and be ready to work together. The meeting also provided opportunities for regional staff to add their input to the Statelessness project.
Report on Human Rights Violations Against Cambodia’s Ethnic Vietnamese
In March 2014, MIRO released its report “Limbo on Earth: An Investigative Report on the Current Living Conditions and Legal Status of Ethnic Vietnamese in Cambodia.” The report examines the living conditions and rights protection of ethnic Vietnamese in two villages in Cambodia’s Kampong Chhnang province, highlighting the challenges created by discrimination, statelessness, and inability to obtain identification papers. The report details the consequences of insufficient rights protection, providing recommendations to local authorities and the Royal Cambodian Government to reduce statelessness and provide basic rights protection for ethnic Vietnamese residents of Cambodia.
Report on Khmer Krom Human Rights Protection
On 05 February 2014, Minority Rights Organization launched its new report “Abandoned People: Khmer Krom Seeking Asylum and Refugee in Thailand”. The report analyses the dilemma politically persecuted Khmer Krom from Vietnam find themselves in when seeking protection in Cambodia or Thailand. Based on a thorough investigation into the root causes, the report provides recommendations to the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC), the United Nations Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Thailand and to all stakeholders to grant sustainable security for Khmer Krom activists from Kampuchea Krom.
Report on Discirmination and Rights Violations Against Khmer Krom Women in Cambodia
Published in September 2013, MIRO’s report entitled “Marginalized Women in Disadvantaged Communities” outlines the many challenges faced by Khmer Krom women living in Cambodia. The report focuses on issues of statelessness, education, social services, political participation, and gender discrimination. MIRO’s researchers found that Khmer Krom women are subject to unique challenges, and struggle to access social and legal services in Cambodia. In response, the report provides recommendations to local authorities and the Royal Government of Cambodia to improve Khmer Krom women’s access to legal justice, social services, and identification papers.
Annual and Semestral Reports
Semestral Report: January-June 2014
In the first half of 2014, MIRO engaged in numerous activities aimed at promoting and protecting Khmer Krom and ethnic Vietnamese rights, both building on existing projects and beginning new activties as well. In this report, read about MIRO’s support for 13 Khmer National Liberation Front members convicted on charges of treason, Khmer Krom farmers challenging the government over their right to cultivate farmland near their community, and stateless ethnic Vietnamese incapable of accessing the rights guaranteed to all people by citizenship. Along with information on several other issues MIRO has worked to address between January and June of 2014, read about MIRO’s impacts on human rights understanding and respect in Cambodia.
2013 MIRO Annual Activities Report
In 2013, MIRO undertook a number of activities and research projects to promote and protect minority rights in Cambodia. Primarily, MIRO focused its 2013 efforts on ensuring minority representation in the Khmer Rouge Tribunals, promoting the rights of Khmer Krom women, reducing statelessness within Khmer Krom and Vietnamese communities, and support for Khmer Krom refugees and asylum seekers.