Annual Final Report /01 January to 31 December 2015

Submitted to Heinrich-Böll-Foundation Cambodia on 14 January 2016

A) Brief Description of the project

With funding from Heinrich-Böll-Foundation, MIRO has implemented its project “Empowerment of Khmer Krom Women to Political Participation and Gender Equality” from January to December 2015. The project is a component of the three years project plan 2015- 2017.

1.Project Goals and Objectives

Goal: Khmer Krom Women have access to equal rights and participation in decision making processes as well as their rights are protect by law.

Objective: 1. to increase the understanding of women rights and gender equality in Khmer Krom communities and build the capacity of Khmer Krom women to advocate for their rights. 2. to encourage Khmer Krom Women to actively participate in communal development and political decision making.

2. Project Indicators

  • 40% of Khmer Krom female and male participants of the training workshops have a better understanding of gender equality ;
  • 60% of Khmer Krom female and male participants of the training workshops have a better understanding of right and role of people’s participation in social and political work;
  • 15% of Khmer Krom women seek outside help to deal with issues of domestic violence within their families;
  • 15 % of Khmer Krom women can successfully solve their problems with the authorities;
  • 15 % of Khmer Krom women participate actively within the community;
  • 45 % of Khmer Krom and men participants confront issues of gender inequality and domestic violence in their home and the wider community, resulting in reduced domestic violence and gender inequality;
  • 20% of Khmer Krom women participants file a rights complaint on behalf of themselves or another community member;
  • 70% of the workshop participants express an understanding of the importance of commune development and political participation;
  • Stakeholders pay more attention to the situation of Khmer Krom and the media covers their issues.

3. Project Outline

As a preparation for the main activities which consisted the whole day workshop to approximate 25 Khmer Krom women in three different communities of three different provinces, first training materials were compiled. Provincial staff sought a venue with adequate facilities and invited the participants from nearby communities. During the first workshop, the concept of relevant human right, gender equality, domestic violence and advocacy were explained and their implications for the lives of participants discussed. Afterwards, advocacy and communication skill were trained so that the women are equipped with practical experiences on how to proceed in cases of problems related to the domestic violence or other issues within the communes, who to address to seek resolution and how to address the commune or provincial authorities, police, courts and other stakeholders. The second workshop, the concept of relevant history of women participate in politic work, right and role of people’s participation in social and political work, role and duties of commune council, function of committee of women affairs and children in commune, promoting women in politics through NGOs and national program for democratic development in the sub-national were explained and their implications for the lives of participants have discussed. Afterwards, right and role of people’s participation in social and political work, and the role and duties of commune council were trained. So women will know about benefit of participation of citizen in communities development, about serviced provided by commune/sangkat, Moreover, we promote them way to participate in public and politic work and all participants understand well about right to participate in the politic, economic and all activities in society. Participants gain knowledge about the way to find some help from local authority, and important way to join all commune meeting , showing they need for find some help., who to address to seek resolution and how to address the commune or provincial authorities, police, courts and other stakeholders. After the workshop, provincial staff followed up on how participants made use what their have learned in the training workshop by conducting interview with at least 3-5 persons after each event. They also provide the advices and other supports of individual cases, when required. The project will incorporate these needs of Khmer Krom women and reach its goal by following the consecutive and interrelated steps

1. Build a sound foundation of awareness of women rights and gender equality in the communities; build capacity to deal with issues thwarting gender equality (for instance domestic violence) and provide advocacy skills.

2. Incorporate women rights into the broader context of the commune development and encourage activities for social and political participation of Khmer Krom women.

4. Planned project activities

  • To disseminate information and raise awareness among Khmer Krom women in three communities(in Takeo, Koh Kong and Sihanouk vile province) for women’s right, gender equality and domestic violence as well as built their capacity to advocate for their rights(one day workshop with 25 participants, in three communities);
  • Disseminate information to and raise the awareness of Khmer Krom women for communal development and political participation and build their capacity to actively participate in their communal life (a one day workshop for at least 25 participants);
  • To advocate with local authorities about women’s rights and domestic violence, and seek joint approaches to women’s involvement in communal life;
  • To provide assistance in obtaining identification papers and other relevant documents.

B) Development of project

1. PROJECT ACTIVITIE

Training workshop 

MIRO conducted six separate training workshops covered with three target provinces “Takeo, Koh Kong, and Sihanouk Ville”: i). three training workshops1 province on the first topic: human right, gender equality, domestic violence and advocacy. And

ii). Three training workshops awareness of Khmer Krom women for communities’ development and political participation to build their capacity to actively participate in their communal life to Khmer Krom women in three provinces. During March, April and May 2015, Three Training Workshop of first topic were organized. MIRO has conducted the training workshops on human right, gender equality, domestic violence and advocacy. Firstly, MIRO held workshop in Daunkeo town of Takeo province on 13 March2015.There were 25 Khmer Krom participants include one group chief attended the workshop, 5 of 25 participants were men. Secondly, MIRO held workshop in Sre Ambel district, Koh Kong province on 28 April 2015, there were 25 participants and 5 participants were men. Thirdly in Sihanouk Ville of Preah Sihanouk province, MIRO held workshop on 29 May 2015, there were 25 Khmer Krom participants attended the workshop and 5 of 25 participants were men. Total number of Khmer Krom for three provinces that attended the workshop were 75 participants, there were 15 men. conducted one each target province on the second topic: raise the  And there were three more Training Workshop of second topic were organized during August, September and October 2015. MIRO has conducted the training workshops on Promoting women’s participation in the development of the commune and politic to the Khmer Krom women and men. The first workshop in Daunkeo town of Takeo province was conducted on 14 August 2015.There were 26 Khmer Krom participants attended the workshop, 5 of them were  men. Second workshop in Sihanouk Ville of Preah Sihanouk province was conducted on 14 September 2015, there were 25 Khmer Krom participants attended the workshop and 5 of them were men. Thirdly in Sre Ambel district of Koh Kong province was conducted on 30 October 2015, there were 29 participants Khmer Krom participants attended the workshops, 2 of them were men. Total number of Khmer Krom for three provinces that attended the workshop were 80 participants, there were 12 men. Total number of Khmer Krom for three provinces that attended of six workshops were 155, there were 27 men. The main issues of the training deal with were as follows: human rights, women’s rights, children’s rights, gender equality, domestic violence, advocacy skills, history of politician’s women, rights and role of people’s participation in social and political work, role and duties of commune council, function of committee of women affairs and child on commune, promoting women in politics through NGOs and national program for democratic development in the sub- national. All topics were giving a new knowledge to participants because most of them never join workshop like this before. Participants have learnt to discuss and share new idea. During workshop, they raised the questions, trainers also answer to participants. So their understand and can bring many important points to share with other people in community for apply all knowledge to their lives. All participants have got learning material and other documents were collected from other NGOs that related to the workshop were distribute to participants. The workshop allowed them to read and study more at home, when they understand clearly, they can share the information with friends, family and community members.

The facilitators/trainers of the training workshop were from MIRO and local authorities in three provinces (Takeo, Preah Sihanouk and Koh Kong ), namely:

1-.Mr,Sourn Butmao Executive Director of MIRO as trainer

2-Mr. Noun Sovanrith, Deputy Director of MIRO as trainer

3.Mr.Soeung Senkaruna Program Manager of MIRO as trainer

4-Mrs. Suon Sovann, Project Officer of MIRO as trainer

4-Mr.Phang Pin, Sangkat Chief of Sangkat Rorkaknong,Takeo province as trainer

5-Ms.Pich Sotheavy, Committee chief of women affaires and child of Sangkat Rorkaknong,Takeo province as trainer

6-Ms.Mao Sopheary, Sangkat member council of Sangkat No.4,Sihanouk Ville as trainer

7-Ms.Chap Vanna Committee chief of women affaires and child of Sangkat No.4 Sihanouk Ville as trainer

8-Mr-Hong Am member of commune council of Sre Ambel commune, Koh Kong province as trainer

9-Mrs.Sun Chik Committee chief of women affaires and child of Sre Ambel commune,Koh Kong province as trainer

10-Mr.Mom Mony MIRO provincial staff at Takeo province as assistance

8-Mr.Khieng Vankhet MIRO’s key person at Preah Sihanouk province as assistance

9-Mr. Soun Buttola, MIRO’s intern as assistance

10-Mr.Khorn Sokheng MIRO’s intern as assistance.

Method use in the training workshop:

discussion in small group or all participants together,brainstorming,question and answer, presentation and explanation, role play, games, feedback, sharing personal experiences, real life story, video clip, photos, pictures. Moreover, we used LCD projector to show all topics of lesson for training, pictures and video clip, so participants more interest and easy to understand. The trainers used of these methods, because it is a good way for participants easy to understand and remember, please note that some of them are low education. Training workshop follow-up3 conduct follow-up activities by interview 26 respondents (of participants after workshop), their families and other people in community for measure how their apply new knowledge with people in community. The provincial staff/key persons were also responsible to provide assistance to people in community as to help Khmer Krom in community to get Khmer certificate, family book , birth certificate , mediate problem were happened in community, made good cooperation with local authorities for reduce discrimination to Khmer Krom. Advocacy work and legal aid During the project implementation time, MIRO advocated on the legal status of Khmer Krom as well as on behalf of Khmer Krom communities and individuals. As well, Takeo provincial staff of MIRO directs intervened with local authorities to issue national identity papers to ensure citizenship for the Khmer Krom families members who not yet have, he supported some families to deal with cases of domestic violence in Takeo communities. He was intervened to provincial governor to solved issues of people about land grabbing and he also cooperated with commune chief and police to intervened to court to release confusing cases

involving drug trafficking:

1-Mr.Chau Chantara has a resident of Deum Ampil village, Rorkakrau commune, Krong Daunkeo ,Takeo province was arrest and send to prison for 4 months related to the drug trafficking, MIRO provincial staff were collaboration with the police and commune chief asked the court to release by confusion through intervention victim has release already.

2-Ms.Sok Khim has a resident in Trapeng Angvillage, Rokarkrau commune not yet have identity card, family book, accommodation book. So MIRO provincial staff was brought her to police : MIRO provincial staff/key persons in the three provinces were  administration post, and asked for help from first deputy commune to intervene, and now she has already received all the documents

3-MIRO provincial staff was intervene case of Mr. Hun Su live in Thnalbek village,Rorkakrau Commune, appearance case president police post kidnapping for ransom, hewent to meet directly with the police and advocacy through mention of the law, so that police understood of his actions he gave money 30,000 riels to return, and he promised to stop that action anymore ,by his mistaken he was think that Mr.Hun Su as Vietnamese.

4-MIRO assisted Khmer Krom communities in their request about land disputes in Takeo province, Borey Chulsa district took place on 3 villages with an area of 215 hectares, which has a population of some 185 families were affected about land grabbing from coalition authorities fisheries and Oknha Mao Nhan. We made intervention letter to the governor, provincial governor was solved citizens 48 families succeed and he also promised to continue to further resolve to citizens. MIRO provincial staff / key persons will continues to help people in communities to advocate with good cooperation with all level of authority and NGOs in the province, we hope that Khmer Krom people will have more better of life living, discrimination will reduce; right of life will be recognized as Cambodian people too.

Advocacy with local authorities:

In order to promote women’s participation in the development of the commune and political work increasingly MIRO had done a workshop on promote women’s participation in the development of the commune and political work. In addition after finish this workshop MIRO’s staffs have interviewed with the local authorities related to general situations of the each community, problem and solution, service fee that provide to people, Khmer Krom’s census, legal document service, percentage of people who go to vote, the strategies for encourage women to participate in public and politic work and other important points. Three provinces had been done: Takeo, Preah Sihanouk and Koh Kong provinces, the total three Sangkats and one commune:- Sangkat Rorkakrau and Rorkaknong ( Takeo province),Sangkat No.4 (Preah Sihanouk province) and Sre Ambel commune ( Koh Kong province). The results of the interviews with 3 sangkats and one commune were confirmed that each Sangkat and commune aimed to increase the number of women, more and more, both in social and politics works, because women as a major contributor to participate in national development. For the strategy of promoting women’s participation local authority has said that those sangkats and commune were cooperated with NGOs and relevant institutions organized training courses for women regarding the methods of increasing the capacity , knowledge and skills to women in communities. (Three advocacy were linked with training workshop)

At the end, all Sangkats members and all commune member were suggested to MIRO to cooperate with Sangkats and communes to provide training for promoting women to participate in public and politics works and educate them to understand about advantageous of participate, by organize the training focus on the topics: strengthening of women to join all decision making, to strengthen knowledge on gender equality, advocacy, women right, administration and educate men and family to cooperating , encouraging and providing opportunities for women too. During advocacy with local authority at Sihanouk Ville on 17 December, 2015 three Khmer Krom people live in Phum 1, Sangkat 4 , were raised the problem that they were meets in their daily life when MIRO staffs went to interview them at their communities:

1-Mr. Kien Phetra

2-Mr.Yim Yang

3-Ms. Seng Phen

They were not yet have family book, Identity card, and birth certificate. They want to have its but when they ask the police, police said that must be pay more than one hundred USD. So they were request to have low price for do those documents. Reply to the request of MIRO staffs during meeting at Sangkat 4,Mr.PetSarin chief deputy ofsangkat4,Sihanouk Ville was said that related to the high cost of making documents, first people should know about the process, chief deputy was clear for suggestions of citizens regarding the value of the family book, identity card, birth certificates, etc., people must know the procedure on specifics, especially people should process its yourself do not need third person to help because they will ask highly of us. Currently, there are instructions from the Ministry for the application form book accommodations have assessed 10,000 riel, citizens able to request at the police’s post in their village. Table staying village recognizes citizens can make a birth certificate and book accommodation. Group chief, village chief and village’s police are the ones making table accommodation village. Deputy Chief also provides sample table family staying to us, MIRO’s key person will help to explain the process to people that have not yet register to book accommodation in the villages. For questions that ask to chief deputy of sangkat 4: whether citizens Khmer Krom lived here how long they could get accommodation’s book? He said that after 6 months can have an accommodation’s book and relocation must have a certificate from the old place. MIRO will continue to cooperate and advocate with local authorities for help Khmer Krom living legally as Khmer. Through good collaboration we hope that Khmer Krom people will continue promoting they rights to participation in social and political work as well by join all activities and decision making in commune/sangkat for develop their communities and they life living.

2.THE RESULTS ACHIEVED BY THE PROJECT

After having attended the training workshop, over 85 percent of the participants said that their very interesting all topics in the workshop, especially human right, gender equality, domestic violence, right and role of people’s participation in social and political work, role and duties of commune council, promoting women in politics through NGO, they were show strong commitment that they will bring new knowledge from the workshop to share with friends and families. And will be direct practice what their gain from the workshop to promote people participate on communal development and politic work for develop their communities. Since they considered the training session so important, around 80 percent of the participants have shared they happy feeling of getting knowledge from the workshop. They mentioned that those workshops were very important for them and the whole Khmer Krom community’s members. They appreciated in particular to share their knowledge in their communities and practice it when cases of domestic violence take place in the communities. One more point that so important is about rights to participant in communal development and political work, they will encourage people to join all activities with local authorities for better live and develop their communities and society.

Advocacy is the best way for people to use when they want to change everything become better, it a message or activities that people use when meet problem in their life or their work. Example: Land grabbing is the facing problem were happened all over Cambodia long time ago until now, for resolution by authorities of those cases some positive, some negative and sometime got a serious. So 70 percent of participants focus on skill of advocacy because when problem happened, if we use non-violence advocacy, they will got a good result, like some people live in Boeung Kok, they try to advocate until success. Some factory worker also have a problem with small benefit, so they find what their want by doing advocacy to all level of government institute and stakeholder ,so finally they got result like monthly benefit were better than before.  Domestic violent is the main issue for Khmer Krom community, after participated the workshop all participants can understand a lot with the related law and regulation against domestic violent. 70% of participants mentioned that they just only though that domestic violent is only the problem of the own family so other people beside family members shouldn’t care of those family issue, but after participants this workshop they can understand that domestic violent is not only each family’s issue but the whole community’s issue and all communities member have authorize and duty to stop, intervene, and report to local authority when the violent happen and educated people in community to understand about the consequence of domestic violence , who did serious violence will become a perpetrator or send them to courts. All participants in the workshop said that they will share these important knowledge to their neighbors and they hope that the community will living in peace and develop. During advocacy with local authorities at three target provinces : Takeo, Preah Sihanouk and Koh Kong all sangkats and communes chiefs and council members were suggested MIRO  continues cooperate to provide training for promote women to participate in public and politics works and educate them to understand about advantageous of participate, by organize the training focus on the topics: strengthening of women to join all decision making, to strengthen knowledge on gender equality, advocacy, women right, administration…and educate men and family to cooperating , encouraging and providing opportunities for women too.  In addition, MIRO assisted Khmer Krom communities in their request during training workshop at Sre Ambel district, Koh Kong province: two cases were raised during training workshop:

1- Mr.Min Men representative of people in Deumchrey village request to build a road in

2- Ms.Kim Chanto was need some help because she had no money for supported her Responded to this request Mr. Hong Am commune council member of Sre Ambel commune was promise to help those cases, including commune development plan program or call for help from provincial governor (road) and for high price of study for children he will discuss with school director. that village because very difficult for travel and transport. children’s study  For the result of interview with 6 people in communities after workshop for three provinces namely: Takeo, Preah Sihanouk and Koh Kong provinces 80 % of participants were very interesting of topics: right and role people participation in social and political work and the role of duties of commune council, because before their did not know about advantage of people participate, their also think that if they joined the meeting or activities with local authority, they will lose daily income, but after participate training workshop they understood well about the advantage of participate that will develop community and their families as well. For topic strategy to promote women to join in public affaire is also interesting too, they also recommended that, after women have understand about right to develop and jointly implement activities, so number of women’s participation in public office and politics will be increase. Ms.Neang Sakhorn live in village 2, sangkat 1,Sihanouk Ville, Sihanouk Province, after attending a workshop organized by MIRO, she was explained and the spread out what she was learn from the workshop to citizens in her community about the reasonableness of tolerance and violence both in the family and community because it makes the family and society meet the crisis, causing divisions and lead to loss of time and money as well. She observed that the majority of people were interested and attention, they were said, if we understand all, and they reduce these problems, our community will flourish quickly. MIRO provincial staff at Takeo province was helped Khmer Krom families about issues which citizens concerned by mediate and intervene to completed and successfully, cases are include:

1-Ms.Pich Borin live in Lory village,Rorkakrong commune, Krong Donkeo not yet have national identity paper to ensure citizenship. He brought her to meet chief of police and commune chief and ask them to issue national identity paper for her. Through good cooperation with local authorities within 15 days after, she had received all the documents.

2-Mr. Chau Ny and his wife Ms.Sao Sreyva lived in Deum Ampil village, Rorkakrau commune, He was mistreated his wife and wanted to kill her , so MIRO provincial staff was coordinator with village chief , police chief and 3 local residents came to help joint resolve that problem, husband was promised to stop using violence against his wife anymore and write a letter of contract, as well as by the village chief keep the letter , we also follow up , violence was stop not happen anymore.

3-Mr. Sam Bun always beat his wife, her name’s Ms. Ry Sokha lived in Lory village, MIRO provincial staff was intervene through cooperated with Mr.Saromas a police and 4 neighbors by educated him to stop violence, after understood, he was promised to stop violence with his wife, now this family live with happiness because husband try to work hard at other province and always send money to his wife every month.

4-Ms. Chun Ngorn, Mr.Sem Sovann and Mr. Cha Mean were participating on MIRO workshop that was organized at Takeo province. They were use their knowledge that were gain from the workshop to practice in their community related to advocate with local authority to pen road and road expansion to facilitate the travel and transport of the people. so now citizens have the wide road for easy use in their community. They also share their knowledge from the workshop to people in the community, such as human rights, advocacy, gender equality, benefits of participation of women in social work and politics.

MIRO’s key person at Sihanouk Ville has helped Khmer Krom families Mr. Cam Tran and Mr. Sem Rata have done Khmer nationality identity cards already, and he also helped mediate cases of domestic violence. at Phum 1,Sangkat 4 ,Sihanouk Ville :Mr.Phin Norn and Mr. Hong Vin they were used violence in their families, so MIRO’s key person was came to mediated and educated them to stop violence, until now these families were live with happiness and no longer domestic violence. Other one case related to domestic violence too, MIRO’s key person was mediated Mr. Nang Chorn’s family to reconcile and compromise to any compatible disintegrated left home because of domestic violence to return to live together, he explained the consequences of dissent is to make families unhappy and orphans parents. MIRO’s Key person at Koh Kong province was mediate domestic violence case in Trapeang village, Trapeang commune, Sre Ambel district , son in law always bite and curse his mother in happen family become unhappy and very dangerous to family member if serious case happen , and himself will against anti-domestic violence law. So now he understands and stops violence to his family. She also help people who are not have family book, please come to the commune or direct contact with her in order to facilitate that need some way to help reduce people’s money and time.  At the end of the workshop, 75 % of participants had shared about their happy feeling of getting knowledge from the workshop. They mentioned that, this workshop is very important for them  and the whole Khmer Krom community’s members to understand about their rights to participated in public and politic work works for develop their communities and our society.  Right and role of people’s participation in social and political development that is a good topic because is very important for daily life, for example: poor people in community have no water for use, so when local authority call a meeting in their village for find what people need, at that time if people join this meeting their can raise the request, so the problem will be solved .Exactly on the workshop at Takeo, Preah Sihanouk and Koh Kong provinces all questions and request to local authorities were get a good result, speakers from sangkats and commune were answers very clear and will promises to help other more issues follow of participants were raise on the workshop. Most of participants showed strong interest in the topic presented, they said that will bring their have learn and documents to contribute with people in community. They appreciate in particular to share their new knowledge in their communities, encourage people to join all activities with local authority for better live and develop their communities. For example: Two participants in Koh Kong province were show their interested after workshop Ms.Phalla said that gender equality and women rights are very useful for Khmer Krom community, because women always think that ,their only a house wife, all work outside and inside men are decide and manage in their family, but after training workshop, women’s have gain a knowledge about their rights to join all activities in society depend on their capacity and skill, so she said that she will share with women in communities. Mr. Thach Vanna said that is a first time for me to attend a workshop, I ‘m very happy to be here because I can learn, share some idea, have a group discussion and share a real life story with all participants. I will bring important points from the workshop to share with my relative and people in community. After the end of the workshop, 70 % of participants had shared about their happy feeling of getting knowledge from the workshop. They mentioned that, this workshop is very important for them and the whole Khmer Krom community’s members to understand about their rights for living and be protected by local authority as Cambodian people.  At Takeo province after workshop participants were give idea related to the workshop, Ms. Pho SreyDy said that she was interested in this workshop because she can learn more about rights to speak, can follow up all work in community is transparency or not, know about duties of commune/sangkat so people can ask when they need some help from them. For the result of interview with 26 participants in communities after workshop for three provinces namely: Takeo, Koh Kong and Preah Sihanouk, 80 % of participants were very interesting the topics of domestic violence, women rights, child right, they said that ” in communities domestic violence still a big problem because some people not yet know how to stop it, who can help them, what the law can protect them before, during and after domestic violence happened. So now they were share their knowledge that with family, friends and people  in communities, now some problem were cut down step by step. Moreover, 70 % of participants interest on gender equality, human rights and advocacy because in community some Khmer Krom people rarely have chance to join a meeting or workshop, so that workshop was very useful for them to improve new knowledge for themself and all people in communities. Some of them said that after people understand about their rights, anti-domestic violence law and advocacy, they can know how to use it’s for become better lives and peaceful in communities. Most of them were recommends to have continues more workshop as the same topics and add more new topics for all Khmer Krom to learn and use for their daily life. They believe that communities, society will become better if people know about their right, rights to attend, stop discrimination between men and women and find solution by using advocacy techniques. Therefore, the participants and who not yet attend the workshop were requested MIRO to conduct more training workshop in the future, are the same and new topics, but should be focus on how to promote women in politics and strategy to support women to public affairs. They also request should have more training workshop for a different subject related to community development and life skill such as: techniques of crops and livestock, skills of sewing, cooking, barber, motorcycle repair etc.

3.OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF THE ORGANIZATION

MIRO seeks to develop good cooperation with donors, national and international organizations and other stakeholder involved in minority rights and statelessness issues in Cambodia and beyond. For instance MIRO was invited to attend short course on gender and force migration from 17-20 February 2015 and Retreat on Resolving Statelessness in Asia and the Pacific at Bangkok, Thailand by Asia Pacific Regional Refugee Network (APRRN) from 15-16June 2015. And invited to attend First Aid Intensive Training at Orchidee Restaurant, Phnom Penh organized by HBF from 5th GIZ office , organized by GIZ on 22 October 2015..Invited to attende GIZ CPS Monitoring and Partner Workshop at Khmer Surin Restaurant, organige by GIZ on 02 December 2015. Invited to attend Partner NGOs Meeting at Meta House, organized by HBF on 17 December 2015. And Invited to attend Launching Film ” Somnatt” at Imperial Garden , organized by Kdey Karuna on 29 December 2015.

1. During the report period, MIRO will start running four projects as following:Project “Support of School Attendance for Needy Children in Kampong Chhnang”. Funded by ViDan Foundation, Inc. Through this project, MIRO seeks to increase education opportunities for children whose families live in dire poverty in Kampong Chhnang province. At the same time, this project aims at strengthening the human rights of ethnic Vietnamese and improving interethnic community empowerment. Through this project, we supported 120 inter-ethnic needy children in the target area by helping them to receive an education according to the state curriculum, to receive additional private Vietnamese language classes, and have better employment opportunities.

Please see linked of Video Documentary: http://mirocambodia.org/?p=469

2. Project “Decreasing Statelessness Among Former Ethnic Vietnamese and Khmer Krom Refugees in Cambodia”. Funded by GIZ Cambodia. Through this project, MIRO seeks to empower stateless VN and KK by helping them to understand the related law and their rights, to have these rights enforced, to increase the awareness on Cambodian local and national authority levels for the need to review existing or formulate new policies on statelessness and to fill the gaps in and enforce the laws concerning stateless persons, and to seek justice and legal solutions for discrimination and human rights violations against ethnic Vietnamese and Khmer Krom. The project is implemented in three provinces: Kampong Chhnang, Pursat, and Takeo.

3. Project “Protection and Empowerment of Khmer Krom Human Rights Defenders in Cambodia”. Funded by The Norwegian Human Rights Fund. Through this project, MIRO seeks to provide access to justice for Khmer Krom at the courts of Cambodia and ensure that they have legal representation, to protect the rights of Khmer Krom in Cambodia by preparing intervention letters and statements and by meetings with stakeholders for information and discussion, and to raise the awareness and strengthen the understanding of the civil, political and social rights of Khmer Krom HRDs, including their physical and mental integrity, their right to life and safety, and the protection from discrimination on grounds of origin, as well as the right to freedom of expression, assembly, association, religion and movement.

4. Project “Raising Chicken Training” MIRO received funding from Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training in December 2015 for two communed it is located in Koh Andet district Takeo province and there are 95% participants is Khmer Krom people. We conducted training for two communes and each session there’re 30 participants of Khmer Krom people so totally for two sessions there’re 60 participants of Khmer Krom people.

The result of these trainings all the participants they’re satisfy with this training very much so after one month raising checking training they have learnt a lot from the trainer and technical how to raise chicken. Firstly they will increase their income in order to support their family. Secondly reduced and prevent migration to other countries.

4. ADMINISTRATIVE-RELATED ISSUEs

MIRO provincial staff in Takeo is very experienced and prepared the workshop on the ground independently and to our satisfaction .MIRO provincial in Preah Sihanouk and Koh Kong  provinces is good organize for prepared workshop, but we need to be improved their capacity and knowledge related to the project activity. For relationship with local authorities should be improved too. MIRO support staff issue: Two staff was left out from their position: 1) Ms. Hang Saruon, key person in Koh Kong, because of her healthy problem, Ms. Sun Chik is replaced. 2)Mr. Phom Ravy, project officer of statelessness project because he has a new opportunity with another NGO, Mr. Karuna is replaced. 3) Mr. Sokheng, program intern was terminated contract for six months.

5.PLAN FOR THE FOLLOWING REPORTING PERIOD

This is the final report of the MIRO project “Empowerment of Khmer Krom Women to Political Participation and Gender Equality”(Human Rights and Democracy Program 2015).MIRO has submitted a project proposal to HBF entitled “Empowerment of Khmer Krom Women to Political Participation and Gender Equality”(Human Rights and Democracy Program 2016) and hope that funding for longer- term implementation period can be secured.

C) Development and events in the project country

Prime Minister Hun Sen has raised four main points to all world leaders at the “Global Leaders ‘Meeting on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment “. He was stated that: the year 2015 is historical, marking an accelerated towards gender equality and women’s empowerment. This meeting will indeed serve as an important platform for us to further tighten our efforts and resolve to achieve gender equality and make this target become a reality for all women and girls across the world. To this end, I believe that we should give priority to the following works:

1- Increasing investment in gender equality

2- Ensuring the protection of women’s rights, as well as full and equal participation of

3- Strengthening accountability mechanisms for gender equality

4- Continuing to promote women’s involvement in the economy and their financial

We hope that follow the statement of Prime Minister Hun Sen, number of women will be increasing more in public and politic work. We hope that all level of local authorities will provide cooperate increasingly with NGOs too.

D) Concluding the report

MIRO work is slowly trying to improve the quality of life for the Khmer Krom and ethnic Vietnamese communities in Cambodia, especially for women by using its projects and workshops such as by trying to help educate them of Human, Women and child rights. Though there has been some initial success so far, MIRO is going to continue to advocate withthe Cambodian Government and request a clarification of its policy regarding Khmer Krom and to issue guidelines that allow for Khmer Krom to become Cambodian national. women in decision making at all level inclusion.  The workshop was offers a lot of benefits to the participants regarding the rights of participation of the state and the strategy of promoting women’s participation in political and public sector. Participants were interested in the workshop, even though some of them are illiterate. They thought these were very useful topics and they gained a lot of knowledge from this training. They hope that when people understand better the topics of rights and role of people’s participation in communal development and political participation they will change their behavior to be involved in commune development work, and participate in any decision making, so commune will be provide benefits to the citizens as well. Participants more interest about way to promote women in politics work because they think that women know the problem of women than men, so that men cannot resolve issues for women, but women leaders can help them to be patient and gentle method than men. Overall, both men and women can participate in all activities; both social and political work jointly to develop the nation has grown rapidly. Local authorities have cooperated well related to promote women’s participation in political and public sectors, through collaboration with non-governmental organizations and relevant institutions to increase the number of women participants, for all level from the grass roots to the national level.

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