Title: Quarterly progressive report
Date: 01 August – 31 October 2015
Submitted: ViDan Foundation, Inc.
Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on 13 November 2015
BRIEF PROJECT DESCRIPTION
Minority Rights Organization (MIRO), with the generous support of the ViDan Foundation Inc. is implementing the “Support for school attendance of needy children in Kampong Chhnang Province” project in the period of Twelve months from August 2015 to July 2016. The project will strive to provide education to poor interethnic: Vietnamese, Khmer and Cham children in the Kandal and Chong Koh communities of Sangkat Phsar Chhnang, Kampong Chhnang province, Cambodia. Besides the benefit for the students and their families, MIRO aims at improving interethnic relations and advocates for the human rights of Vietnamese who have been living in Cambodia for generations, but face many obstacles to obtain Cambodian nationality. As a result, they must be considered as stateless and are therefore particularly vulnerable to human rights violations.
– Goal: The goal of the project is to enable 120 needy children in the target area1 to receive an education according to the state curriculum, as well as additional private Vietnamese language classes, and have better employment opportunities.
-Planed project activities:
– Expected results/outcome:
Project activities: During the period of the report, MIRO staff conducted the following activities:
1. Teaching activity
The school building called “Phum Kandal Samaki Primary School” located in Kandal village, Sangkat Phsar Chhnang2 Kampong Chhnang Town, Kampong Chhnang Province3 where the project is implemented. There are in total 133 students including 63 girls. The project is covered only 120 students Khmer students are not covered by project who is studying with Khmer class of grade 1. Noted: The enrollment campaign for school year 2015/2016 from 15-30 October 2015, at Samaki Primary School there were 95 old students in last year 2014/2015 (equal 100%) re- enrolled for new academic year 2015/2016 and other 38 new students is enrolled for academic year 2015/2016 include 13 Khmer students are not covered by the project. Khmer class: There are 133 students include 63 girls be studying within three Khmer classes6 in the morning, from 07:00 AM to 11:00 AM. Grade one7 48 students (Female 20), Grade two 56 (Female 30), and grade three 29 (Female 13). 5 including 59 girls. Therefore 13
i. Grade 1: 20 girls out of 48 students “Vietnamese 22 (Female 10), Khmer 26 (Female 10), and Cham 01 Male8
ii. Grade 2: 30 girls out of 56 students “Vietnamese 28 (Female 27) and Khmer 28 (Female 13)”.
iii. Grade 3: 13 girls out of 28 students “Vietnamese 11 (Female 8), Cham 01 male, and Khmer 16 (Female 5)”. Vietnamese class: There are 57 students include 40 girls are studying within two Vietnamese classes in afternoon, from 12:00 PM to 03:30PM9”.
i. Grade1: 28 students including 17 girls.
ii. Grade2: 8 students including 6 girls.
iii. Grade3: 20 students including 17 girls.
The class provides the Vietnamese speaking students with the Khmer language skills which will help them apply for Cambodian citizenship, if it is required by the authorities. More practically, it helps them to find jobs and communicate with people from Cambodian society in the broader context of everyday life. Noted: Grade 2 & 3 are studying in only one room by sit one site each, write on the board one site each, and explain one by one. Teachers: there are six teachers 10 in total including 4 Khmer teachers from the Education Department, but unfortunately one teacher is not covered by the project yet, and 2 Vietnamese teachers. Teaching methodologies: writing on the blue and white board with the chalk and marker, explanations, questions and answers, and assign home work. The topics provided to students were reading, writing and speaking Khmer and Vietnamese, as well as mathematics. Since the students are young and the classes very crowded, teaching may be a challenge for the teachers. Vietnamese students, who have trouble following the classes, can be especially difficult.
2. Follow up activity with parent of student: The provincial project officer conducted a follow up with parents of students in Kandal and Chong Koh villages where the project was implemented. During the months, Province project officer conduct in-dept-interview with parent of students and also communities members;
Fact-finding: almost respondents said that they appreciate and satisfied with the school project has been implementing by MIRO and funded by ViDan Foundation, Inc. because it is a good project and is deferent between another school in Kampong Chhnang provinces namely this project sponsors to create a fund for study materials, uniform, text book, and other materials was very good. They found that their communities is changed since this school project was Implemented especially the needy children by non-race-discrimination altogether Khmer, ethnics Vietnamese, and Cham should be encouraged and open for enrollment with school therefore all children have the school in every school day and the parent is not worried about their security and/or traffic accidence during school time and traveling to school. The respondents added that both poor communities “Kandal and Chong Koh” are ambitious to get benefit from the school project in order to change their children future to become persons who are well knowledge/high education level for changing their parents’ living situation and also part in their community’s development. And almost respondents insist to request and do hope that the project will be continuing to support the needy children only primary level but also till their success completely finish high school level.
Government moved plan in October 201511: over 1000 of ethnic Vietnamese floating house in Kandal village was moved to queuing from Chong Koh village, distance around 3km-5km from old community (in front of Samaki School).
Other events and activities:
– 7th August 2015: Province project officer participated distribution ceremony and treatment & provide medicine to 140 ethnic Vietnamese at Samaki School by Vietnamese live in Australia.
– 23rd October 2015: Accompanied Mr. Tien, ViDan Foundation, Inc. Board member to visit Long Hai pagoda at Raing Til of Pursat province, visit and handed out fund USD$1,000 to Mr. Lee for machine boat at Koh Ka Ak of Pursat province. The same day, we are also visit the situation of the new place of Vietnamese floating communities just moving from Kandal village.
– 24th October 2015: Accompanied Mr. Tien to visit Neak Loeung Free School in Prey Veng province and distribute note books, cake, and materials to around over 271 needy students there.
– October 2015: Samaki Primary School distributed life Jacket to 51 ethnic Vietnamese students.
– September 2015: Bought and installed four white board, wall clock, and school teaching materials.
– Between end October and begin November 2015: Distributed textbooks of all level (Social- science, Mathematics, and Khmer reading textbook) to 120 students. Uniform and study material have plan to distribute on December 2015.
ADVOCACY WORK AND LEGAL AID
Make observation about government plan to move ethnic Vietnamese are living on floating communities to live on the land. And the government campaign to register and issue immigration card to ethnic Vietnamese refugee in Cambodia. The Official price came from, around USD 60 per person for two years renewal.
– MIRO is on going to advocated with relevance authorities to issue certify letter to ethnic Vietnamese children can access school for public school year 2015-2016.
– In collaboration with APRRN to release newsletter. Please see linked below http://aprrn.info/november-2015-country-update-letter/#MIRO
– MIRO is follow up first step of government plan is moved ethnic Vietnamese live on floating community along the river of Kandal village. The case, MIRO, advocated through media system as VOD on 03 October 2015, Cambodia Daily on 05 October 2015, and RFA on 09-18-19 October 2015.
– 25th October 2015: Radio 102 WMC invited to on air discussion about relationship between Khmer and ethnic Vietnamese in Cambodia.
PLANS FOR NEXT REPORT
In the next quarterly report, November 2015-January 2016, MIRO will manage the teaching activities, will conduct a monthly follow-up with parent of student, and advocacy activities.
Education field is a bridge to change the lives and future of people, in particular, the ethnic Vietnamese children and contribute to building a Cambodian society in which human rights respect is prevalent. When Vietnamese children are better educated, they are more likely to find solutions for tension between the ethnic groups in the future, deal with discrimination and racism and thus ensure the decrease of violence. The parents of the students and relevant authorities are happy and appreciateto become aware of human rights and children’s rights and commit to collaborating with MIRO. After the initial group of parents has developed such a positive attitude future endeavors to improve the situation of school attendance also among other families in Kandal and Chong Koh villages, will fall on prepared ground and are more likely to find acceptance. It is of great importance to seize the momentum and continue the project now.
APPENDICES: Activities pictures