Training Workshop on Women’s Rights, Gender Equality, and Domestic Violence to Khmer Krom Women

Venue: Mlup Promviheathor Center Sre Ambel district, Koh Kong Province, held on Tuesday 28 April 2015.

Goal: Khmer Krom Women protect their rights and participate in social and political activities in their communities.

Project Objective: To increase the understanding about civil and political right, children right of women rights and gender equality in Khmer Krom communities and build the capacity of Khmer Krom women to advocate for their right and to encourage Khmer Krom women to actively participate in communal development and political decision making. Implementers: Minority Rights Organization (MIRO), Mr. SOURN Butmao, Executive Director as a trainer, Mr. NOUN Sovanrith, Deputy Director as a trainer ,Mrs. SUON Sovann Project Officer as a trainer and facilitator, Ms. Hang Saruon provincial staff of MIRO as a assistant.

Topic: Human Rights, Women’s Rights, Children’s rights, Advocacy skills ,Gender Equality and Domestic violence,.

Participants: 25 participants were selected and invited to attend the workshop, five participants were men. 25 people showed up in the morning and afternoon. There was a whole range of ages, from 16-60, present in the group. It has to be noted that there were three small children who came to the workshop because their parents did not want to leave their children at home. Out of all the participants five women were illiterate with the addition of two men. This means that about 70% of the participants were literate. All participants were Khmer Krom and came from three communities located in the Sre Ambel district.

Methodologies:

There were deferent distinct methods of teaching. Mr. Noun Sovanrith use a more theory approach, he giving a lot information about the topic as Human Right, women Right, child right and advocacy skill and have time for participant ask questions and answer. Ms. Suon Sovann used a more interactive method; she used the theoretical approach also, giving a lot of information about gender equality. She was ask a lot of question to participants before start a lecture and finally encouraged interaction with the audience by asking many questions and involving them in the lecture, group discussions, where the participants share their idea or discuss what their know depend on knowledge or real life. Mr. Sourn Butmao use the theory approach with perform of story by participants, show a pictures and discuss about topic that he was explain about domestic violence .Ultimately three lecturers encouraged for everyone to brainstorm collectively and eventually wrote down all that was being said on big sheets of paper, which when filled up, were then hung up on the wall around the participants. Finally these sheets of paper were then rolled up and taken back by the MIRO staff in order to use it as evaluation and inspiration. Before the actual lectures and teachings started, a plastic folder was handed out to the participants. The folder contained pens, notebook, lesson plan, agenda, a daily timetable and various informative booklets on Indigenous women and men dealing with change: an introduction to gender analysis (HBF),domestic violence law (CDP), human rights and gender(ADHOC),optional protocol to the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination again women(OHCHR), genderview(GADC), etc. At the end of the workshop, a post test was conducted in order to get some feedback on how effective the workshop was. The proceeding of the training: The workshop lasted one full day, from 08:00 to 17:00. The majority of the participants very much glad to have been able to attend this workshop and expressed gratitude, as Khmer Krom people, to have the occasion to voice their concerns about their rights. Opening Speech by Mr.SOURM Butmao Executive Director of MIRO: He opened up the day with welcome remark and thanking all the Khmer Krom participants for spent time in to the workshop. He was brief about history of Minority Rights Organization(MIRO) and he was explained why this workshop focus on  Khmer Krom communities, especially for women to have access to equal right , gender equality, participate on decision making in their family and in their communities, and to protect themselves from gender discrimination or domestic violence. Butmao stressed how this workshop was specifically designed so that the people become aware of their rights and how they can apply what they have learnt to the other people in the community. He was introduce Sovanrith will explain about human right, woman right, child right and discuss about advocacy skill. He later went on to explain the importance of understanding the significance of gender equality and domestic violence, and introduced the trainer of MIRO Suon Sovann who was going to address the gender equality and him will address about domestic violence .A special thank you was made towards the donor, Heinrich Böll Stiftung (HBF) After the welcoming speech of Executive Director, Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 9.31.16 PMSovann have to ask participant to introduce themself about : names , ages, occupation , community they belong to and write their expectation and hopes of the workshop on the index cards. We were created some interaction between the participants and consequently established a positive atmosphere. This environment was created in order to help the participants feel comfortable enough to start sharing their opinions and personal stories. Before start training we were talking about rule of study; participants should be come on time, keep quiet, switch off their phone or put silence ring tone, rise their hand on when have a question, who come late will have do everything by team order. Sovanrith then went up to explained the lecture about advocacy, way to find their need such as letter certificate from authority, land dispute, discrimination of Khmer Krom etc. Advocacy to be used for make authorities know and help to solve the problem that was happened in communities. The process of advocating was described as activities people conduct in order to influence the policy maker’s minds when attempting to make decisions which have an impact on their community. The concept of advocacy. About specific issue. Five points for advocacy success: should be make sure people to attend, insure by law, have responsibility, peaceful activity, and have good representative. Lobbying, protesting, distributing leaflets and having petitions were a couple of methods typically used when advocating.

Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 9.42.48 PMSovanrith continues to give his lecture on Human right, Women and Child rights. Before start to explain the lesson, Sovanrith was ask the question to participant: what rights that applied to Cambodian people ?. He was given a general overview of human rights and then move on to concentrating specifically to women’s rights and child rights such as right to life attain housing, freedom of expression and other fundamental rights. Rights which are more specific to the child such as: basic rights to life, education, food, health protection, water, identity, freedom and protection were explored. In the end the categories of civil and political rights and those of economic and social rights have been addressed .After the theoretical explanation of the rights of women and children, which are all  rights that are interrelated to the general fundamental human rights, a brainstorming activity was conducted .we were three groups discussions about : What kind of women right ?. It was also explained that these rights are given to them not only by international laws but also by the Cambodian Constitution.  Gender Equality by Suon Sovann, Project Officer of MIRO: Sovann started her lecture by divided three group discussions. The question is: what different women from men (physical). The discussion initially started off with the simple physical aspects such as: men have beards and women do not, men have short hair and women have long hair, women can get a baby and breast that men cannot, etc. This discussion finally resulted in the concept of gender equality being established. Sex is the physical attributes that a human being has, whilst it is used when one is speaking about attaining equality for both men and women. After having group discussion Sovann was asking the participants of what different between sex and gender. Participant was answer that sex can not change while gender can change limit by society .The term of “ Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 9.46.40 PMgender equality” for young people have known it more than old people, it was interesting to see how state schools are actually educating girls about rights and gender equality. Participants were state that for men and women in Cambodia not yet have gender equality because most of women have to work outside the same men, but when back home most of women have a lot of work to do more like cook, look after children, wash the clothes for family…, while some men rest or go outside to meet his friend .It this the little differences such as this one that create a difference in attaining a job. After having asked whether the participants knew what gender inequality was ,for make sure that participants understand the lesson or not ,we have exercise and invited participant to use color sticker to put on which sex and which gender , after that we can estimate about knowledge of them , most of them are choose correct answer. So that, in order to increase gender equality, women should be tried to develop herself about general education, good skill and good experience for have capacity to joint all social work like men. In case, men should be promote and provide a chance to women to participate all work that their. Communities should be encouraging Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 9.50.14 PMwomen to joint all activities without discrimination because women is a big part for develop our country. After finish speech and discuss about gender equality, we start a new topic focus on a domestic violence .Butmao was state a lot of question: how domestic violence? How many kind of domestic violence? Who can help victim during domestic violence happened? .etc. After that we have group discussion, divide 3 groups, the question as : how   condition that cause to have a domestic violence?. An explanation that domestic violence occurs no matter the social class one belongs to and that there are many different types of ways of classifying domestic violence. Domestic violence was explained as having three elements at its base: acts, violence and family. After this base was established there were four major categories of differentiation of abuses which were: physical, sexual, economic and psychological. He was given example of some kind domestic violence like: Husband often curse his wife , so his wife was cry and she so sad , this case is psychological violence and other case husband have earn 200 $ per month , he give very small amount to his wife, so can’t supported family ,that case is economic violence. The local authority and police administrative should be pay attention regularly because domestic violence is a very danger case in communities as our country. So that in order to control and reduce this problem the authority of all level should come closed to those family that were have a domestic violence in order to explain to all of them to understand of disadvantages of domestic violence and stop them that is a illegal and cause our family to be broken. Moreover, all people whom live in society should try to reduce a domestic violence. In case, if in any family have this kind of this problem please try to stop or go to police station or explain them about the disadvantage of domestic violence we do like this in order to escape from unpredicted situation. The authority should be followed the Ministry of interior and in any related field in order to ask to open training workshop about anti-domestic violence to people as the authority to understand , so will bring peaceful into our society. At the end of lecture ,three participant were raise a question and common : Ms.Kop Chantha asked a question , She said that, she live with family that often have a domestic violence, when her husband drunk he was curse her and bite their children , she said that what can I do for stop violence in my family? . Ms. Phalla was said that ,gender equality and women rights are very useful for Khmer Krom community, because women always think that ,their only a house wife , all work outside and inside ,men are decide and manage in their family , but after training workshop ,women’s  have gain a knowledge about their rights, so she said that she will share it with women in communities. Mr. Thach Vanna said that is a first time for me to attend a workshop, I ‘m very happy to be here because I can learn, share some idea, have a group discussion and share a real life story with all participants. I will bring important points from the the workshop to share with my relative and people in community. Closing speech: At the end of the day Mr. Menghak Vichhay Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 9.54.01 PMExecutive Director Mlup Promviheathor Center (MPC) Sre Ambeldistrict, Mr. Vichhay was share some advice related to our topic, for human rights (women’s right, children’s right) that its really important to give them a good value to people that lived in community, especially Khmer Krom in order to help them to understandable rights of living as the same as Khmer people. Rather than more, it focus on ours topic that is related to ability of gender equality and domestic violence it’s also import too, because if people reach able of knowledge, especially women that make them to understandable of value when she participate in  society as a men that give them in the same wage in the same job as a men without discrimination. Beside this, understandable of controlling of domestic violence is a good factor that help to reduce domestic violence, because ours training course show them of disadvantages of domestic violence like, lost money, waste time (happiness in family), parents – without child, and so on. Advocacy is a movement for change negative to positive for some problem that happen in society. Advocacy is the way to show of people need and demand of exchange all in any point that effect to rights of lived, land abuse, and other effect to the livelihood of people. In conclusion, the meaning of ours training course is give a good value to all whom that participate , and please share all knowledge to other people that live in society in order to involve to make our society keep clamp, peaceful and develop.

Evaluation:

1. 16 participants were interested in the following topics: Human rights, women rights, gender equality, domestic violence, advocacy skill, and child rights. 9 participants were less interested in the following topics: Human rights and advocacy skill.

2. 22 participants understood the topics whereas 3 participants understood only a little, especially about advocacy skill and human rights.

3. MIRO’s next workshop should focus on domestic violence, women rights, gender equality and advocacy skills.

4. 22 participants were satisfied with the material, facilitation, capacity of the trainers, and training methodologies. 3 were not so much satisfied with the material and facilitation.

5. Recommendation of participants: 1- provide more training about gender equality, and domestic violence, human right 2- provide more training for new people . 3-shoul be have workshop training for different subject like: anti-corruption, democracy, development and political participation.

6. Conclusion based on the evaluations: All participants showed strong interest in the topic presented, they will bring their knowledge to share with friends and family in communities, and practice it when cases happen in communities.

Conclusion :

All participants were interested on the workshop , even though some of them are illiterate. They thought these were very useful topics and they gained a lot of knowledge from this training. They hope that when people understand well about human right, gender equality and domestic violence they will live with peaceful, happiness and develop their communities.

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