Decreasing Statelessness Among Former Vietnamese and Khmer Krom Refugees in Cambodia

Title: Monthly report (June, 2015)

Donor: GIZ-Cambodia

Project: Decreasing Statelessness Among Former Vietnamese and Khmer Krom Refugees in

Cambodia

I. Goal of Project and Objective:

To empower stateless VN and KK by making them understand the related law and their rights, and having these rights enforced; to increase awareness among Cambodian local and national authorities of the need to review, improve and enforce the legal code concerning statelessness; and to seek justice and legal solutions for discrimination and human rights violations against VN and KK.

II. Project Implementation and Management

In May we focused on the conduction of two research trips, one in Kampong Chnang and another one in Pursat province, to interview Vietnamese residents, Khmer Krom and local authorities. We also wrote a monthly report regarding the 9 months project and went on to conducting the background demographic research of the 3 target provinces, Takeo, Kampong Chnang and Pursat.

III. Achievements

By taking one month to conduct the activities, we had two successful research trips in which we interviewed Khmer Krom residents, one in Kampong Chnang province and another one in Takeo province, and we obtained reports on the background demographic research project. To achieve this we have taken many steps:

1. Research trip to Pursat province (June 10-13, 2015)1MIRO’s staff and national and international intern conducted a 4 days research trip regarding Khmer Krom legal documents in Pursat province. There were a total of 68 Khmer Krom respondents, of which 38 respondents were from Kampang village in Bakan district and 30 respondents were from KamportAng village in Bakan district. For moredetails please see annex 1.

2. Research trip to Kampong Chhnang province (June 28-July 01, 2015)2MIRO’s staff and national and international intern conducted a 4 days research trip regarding Khmer Krom legal documents in Kampong Chhnang province. There were a total of 61 Khmer Krom respondents and 1 local authority. Out of the 61 respondents, 31 were from SangkatKhsarm, including one village chief, and 30 were from Phar Chhnang town.” Formore details please see annex 2

3. Desk-research on background demographic: Project officer and intern contacted the provincial staff (Takeo, Kampong Chnang, and Pursat) to find the data of each  community and searched through the internet for additional data. So far we have completed 90% of the background demographic research.

4. Social Media and relevant information:

– On March-April 2015: In Kampong Chhnang province, there were 32 families equal 122 ethnic Vietnamese include 43 children and 79 reach to age 18 years old up moved to Vietnam due to not enough money pay for two years immigration card fee (250,000 riel equal USD60). In Kandal village of Phsar Chhnang town 7 families3 equal 37 ethnic Vietnamese and 25 families equal 85 ethnic Vietnamese live in Chhnok Trou of Boribo. The provincial reported that 55% moved out by their own machine boat, 25% sold their property and moved out by van/bus, and other 25% kept the property with their relative and moved out by van/bus. And all of them will be back to Cambodia at anytime because of there, at Vietnam country, they spend much within irregular job, rent house, and daily expenditures.

– On 15 June 2015: Lvea Am authority issued and announced all ethnicity are living on

floating house at Arey Ksat shall be moved out by 22 June 20154 2015 there were 44 families of ethnic Vietnamese moved out from their floating house5

– On 23 June 2015: General Department of Immigration was arrested more than 200 ethnic Vietnamese and Chinese illegal immigrant/non-work permit are working at Koh Pich, Cambodia and 94 persons will deport while some of them are fined 500.000 riels7

– On 23 June 2015: Ethnic Vietnamese denied move to land even if government provide social land concession8

– On 25 June 2015: General Department of Immigration was arrested 109 ethnic Vietnamese in clued 40 female are living in Boeung Chhouk village, Sangkat Nirouth, Khan Mean Chey, Phnom Penh. The immigration office is preparing document for deportation to their country9

– On 28 June 2015: 70 illegal residents of ethnic Vietnamese in clued 11 female were deported to their country10

– On 01 July 2015: From 2014 to June 2015, the General Department of Immigration found 160,000 illegal immigrants and among 95% is ethnic Vietnamese. And near 3,000 Vietnamese illegal immigrants were deported to their country11

IV. Challenges and Lessons Learned

There were some challenges regarding the project implementation in May. For example, during the research trip to Pursat and Kampong Chhnang provinces it was very hard to get an interview with the residents because they live very far from each other and many Khmer Krom residents have left their houses to work in others provinces in different parts of the country. During the trip to Pursat province, the target group lived in a far rural area and it was difficult to reach them as well as to find a guesthouse for the staff to stay. Furthermore, regarding the background demographics research, there was not much data available on the Internet and the provincial staff had a difficult time obtaining the information, since authorities were sometimes not supportive of providing MIRO with such data. In terms of MIRO’s website and social media, there were some challenges due to the fact that MIRO’s website has been in re-construction and we don’t have much times to constantly update the news in social media.

V. Plan and Next Report

Following the 9 months activities plan, there will be many tasks in July 2015, such as two field research trips and reporting, one in Takeo province and another one in Takeo Chnang province. We will also have to prepare the lesson plan for the target group training. Furthermore, MIRO will have a monthly staff meeting in order to share project activities and the challenges of project implementation and encourage each other’s work.

 

Prepared by Phom Ravy

Project Officer

 

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